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Today, July 25, is the Feast Day of St. James The Apostle. I prefer the appellation “James the Greater” but that is just my false ego getting the better of me.  

James and his brother John were part of a family fishing outfit on the Sea of Galilee. I imagine it was called, “Zebedee and Sons”. Jesus came along and busted up their business by successfully inviting the two brothers to join him as apostles. They were such ruffians that they were referred to as Boanerges by the gang. Although this is normally translated from the Greek as, “Sons of Thunder”, it is most likely a Galilean dialectal corruption of Hebrew bene reghesh “sons of rage”. Who knows, maybe Zebedee was ok with letting go of these two trouble makers.

Although the brothers James and John did soften after their years with Jesus, the Orden de Santiago (Order of Santiago or Order of St. James of the Sword) brought whole new levels of “thunder” to this Saint’s name. Patron Saint of Spain, the Orden de Santiago was a 12th century holy order of knights (like the Knights Templar), whose first mission was to protect Catholic pilgrims on the Camino_de_Santiago (Way of St. James) as they walked to the shrine of St. James whose remains are said to be in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia

Since I hope to bike or walk this path myself, it holds significance for me. In Islam, if one goes to Mecca on pilgrimage, you receive the title El-Hajj (Pilgrim) afterword. Catholicism has no such title but I will happily answer to “Pilgrim” if I ever make the trip!

After I finished my service in the Peace Corps, I lived in Cairo for 3 years in a Jesuit community with priests from Egypt, Syria, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. At Collège de la Sainte Famille, the house language was French and many of that community’s traditions were also French. The fête du prénom or “name day” was one particular custom that I brought home with me. When the first fête du prénom was celebrated, I assumed it was a biological birthday because I had never heard that phrase while learning French in Mali with the Peace Corps. I assumed the French say fête du prénom and West Africans say fête du anniversaire [sic]. I later figured it out my mistake.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 440px-fanny_brate-namnsdag.jpg
A Day of Celebration. A painting by Swedish artist Fanny Brate depicting preparations for a name day celebration. Oil on canvas, 1902.

In many Orthodox and Catholic countries, “name day” is a custom. It works like this. If your name is Fergus and the Feast of St. Fergus is March 30, then on that day, you are treated to something special. My Irish grandparents would say a rosary for you then treat you like a king for a day.

For the Jesuits in Egypt, this received more attention than a community members’ biological birthday. It was the one day we got cake after dinner! Now with a family of my own, biological birthdays receives lots of attention but our Saints’ Days get celebrated too.

In fact, this tradition goes into high gear during late July because half of my family saint days fall within a few days time. Between July 22-26, four of the 8 people that comprised our family for the past 10 years have Saints Days. 

July 22 Saint Mary Magdalene for my eldest, Lilly Magelena. Lilly also has a feast day for her first name (July 14 Saint Lily of the Mohawks) but Magelena always gets the most attention. 

July 25 Saint James the Apostle for me.

July 26 Saint Joaquin and Anne for Joaquin, my son and his two Godmothers, Anna, my mother in law (recently departed), and his Godmother Anne.

TINTORETTO - Magdalena penitente (Musei Capitolini, Roma, 1598-1602) - copia.jpg
TINTORETTO -Magdalena penitente (Musei Capitolini, Roma, 1598-1602)

My eldest child’s middle name is Magdalena. It was chosen to honor Saint Mary Magdalene and her Egyptian uncle Madgi. July 22nd is Saint Mary Magdalene’s feast day, the day she is celebrated by Catholics, Anglicans, Lutherans and Eastern Orthodox. On this day, I go to great lengths to celebrate the glory of this “Apostle of Apostles” and “Patron Saint of Contemplatives”.

What most are unaware of is that there were a few people named Mary in the Bible. One of them was a trusted friend of Jesus. One of them was a sister of his friend, Lazarus. One of them was most likely a prostitute. Although there is nothing wrong with being a sexworker, the early Church is argued to have used this last Mary as a means to demean the Mary who was Jesus’ trusted companion. As a result of their work, rather than being the leader of the Apostles, she, the only woman that was part of Jesus’ ministry, becomes little more than a wretched follower of Christ, grateful for His forgiveness but in no way influential with the running of things in the early church. 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is annibale_carracci_-_holy_women_at_christ_s_tomb_-_wga4454.jpg
Holy Women at Christ’s Tomb (c. 1590s) by Annibale Carracci. In Matthew 28:1–10, Mary Magdalene and “the other Mary” encounter an angel at the tomb, who tells them that Christ has risen.

Fresno City College Distinguished Alumnus, Robert Cargill, Associate Professor of classics and religious studies at the University of Iowa pointed out that,

“There are many scholars who argue that because Jesus empowered women to such an extent early in his ministry, it made some of the men who would lead the early church later on uncomfortable,”.

“How Early Church Leaders Downplayed Mary Magdalene’s Influence by Calling Her a Whore” (Sarah Pruitt) https://www.history.com/news/mary-magdalene-jesus-wife-prostitute-saint

Cargill continues that the two responses to this observation was to make her a repentant prostitute or a lover of Jesus. The Last Temptation of Christ and The Da Vinci Code are two of the more popular versions of the idea that Mary was Jesus’ lover or wife. There is no biblical evidence to support these interpretations.

DaVinciCode.jpg
Image of The Da Vinci Code
Black thorns against a blood red background.
Image of the Last Temptation of Christ Film

These interpretations are just as likely as the Magalena comics series that describes Mary as the mother of a line of sexy female warriors who work for the Catholic Church in secret. 

MagdalenaTPB.jpg
Cover of Magdalena TPB by Eric Basaldua

Again, none of these interpretations are supported in the Bible. Additionally, all of these interpretations sexualise this companion of Jesus to such an extent that her role among the early followers of Christ is limited to lower, baser, non-intellectual drives. 

What I take from this is that Mary Magdalene was a trusted member of Jesus’ inner circle. She was a disciple. Although the Church that came up after Jesus was misogynistic and nuclear family oriented, that was not Jesus’ mission. He spent his time with single men and women, tax collectors, prostitutes, lepers and other outcasts.  

In 1969, Pope Paul VI wrote an Mysterii Paschalis or “official letter” pointing out that Pope Gregory the Great was incorrect when he referred to these different Marys as one person in 591. It took the Catholic Church 1378 years to make this correction. But to this day, when I tell people her middle name, they still wonder at why I would name me after a prostitute.

My response: I didn’t. I named her after the Apostles to the Apostles, which I take to mean, the leader of the Apostles and the first person who the risen Christ showed himself to.

For the 2018 St. Patrick’s Day, I shared a secret recipe for Irish Soda Bread. This year, I’m sharing a new modification to this recipe, one that can be consumed by those who suffer from Fructose malabsorption, a digestive disorder that, though slimming, is a real challenge in a nation that adds sugar to everything. Although the pathophysiology of this digestive disorder is fascinating (see below), the lifestyle modifications it requires of those who are or live with those with this disorder is difficult.

Guest Vlogger Lilly Mullooly reports on this new recipe in the following:

SUGAR-FREE IRISH SODA BREAD (Lilly Mullooly).

unnamed

Fructose Malabsorption

Beta-D-Fructofuranose.svg

Pathophysiology

Fructose is absorbed in the small intestine without help of digestive enzymes. Even in healthy persons, however, only about 25–50 g of fructose per sitting can be properly absorbed. People with fructose malabsorption absorb less than 25 g per sitting.

Fructose that has not been adequately absorbed is fermented by intestinal bacteria producing hydrogencarbon dioxidemethane and short-chain fatty acids.This abnormal increase in hydrogen may be detectable with the hydrogen breath test.

The physiological consequences of fructose malabsorption include increased osmotic load, rapid bacterial fermentation, altered gastrointestinal motility, the formation of mucosal biofilm and altered profile of bacteria. These effects are additive with other short-chain poorly absorbed carbohydrates such as sorbitol.

Restricting dietary intake of free fructose and/or fructans may provide symptom relief in a high proportion of patients with functional gut disorders. (https://www.wikipedia.org/)

Here is the Ancient Formula devised by leprechauns in a mist-shrouded vale long before the dawn of recorded time. It was passed on secretly through the mother’s lineage. How I got my hands on it is a mystery the world may never know. But every Saint Patrick’s Day I break it out, go over to Bill’s house, and cook multiple loaves. The highlight of the day is the ceremonial First Bite, which Bill loves. After the bread cools, I distribute a loaf or two to family members in town. It never lasts long.
Ye Olde Mullooly Irish Soda Bread
2 cups flour
2 tablespoons brown sugar
11/2 teaspoons baking powder
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons unsalted butter
1 cup buttermilk
1/2 cup of golden raisins
In a medium-sized bowl combine flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, butter and salt. Stir to blend. Add buttermilk and mix thoroughly into a soft dough. Add in raisins.
Gently knead, then form the dough into a round loaf. Place on a lightly oiled pan.
With a sharp knife inscribed a cross about 1/2 inch deep in the across the center of the round loaf. Bake at 375 for 40 minutes, until a medium golden brown. Remove from pan, place flat side down on a wire rack to let cool. Let Seanie Fergus have the First Bite.
Mind you, these are suggested guidelines to make one loaf. I usually deviate from the teaspoon/tablespoon rigidity, and get pretty liberal with the amounts as the multiple mixtures go on. Especially with the raisins, the more the better. My policy: a raisin in every bite!
Enjoy, and Happy Saint Patrick’s Day!
Happy to share the Ancient Formula with you,
Mike (relation of TheAnthroGeek)

Ethnographic Opportunity Analysis FL18
For Students of Entrep 81:
This will be your Activity 3
Part I – 9/18/17 (Presentation)
Due Date 9/27/17 (Upload the report to the portal)
Part II – 10/2/17 (to review the activity)
Send questions to Prof. Mullooly at Jmullooly AT csufresno.edu

Today, I gave a presentation about TheAnthroGuys‘ core competency: Analytic Induction that gets practiced in search of opportunities to “add value“.

This is a rather clunky way to express what we do but we are still sharpening our ‘laser focus’ so bear with us.  Once we reach Gladwell’s 10,000 hours, I’m sure it will sound better.

Ethnographers and entrepreneurs share a reliance on inductive skills to accomplish their goals.  Once this is understood, we can learn a great deal from each other.

The presentation can be found here:

Ethnographic opportunity analysis FL17 part1 (Mullooly)

In two weeks, I will return to their class to continue this discussion.  My hope is that some – if not all – of these students will see the value of this skill set.

Elsewhere, we have observed that our world is utterly overshadowed by ignorance, yet few people notice this.  Ethnographers and entrepreneurs share a reliance on inductive skills to accomplish their goals.  Once this is understood, we can learn a great deal from each other.

It is important to note that the similarities between anthropologists and entrepreneurs are numerous. The table below illustrates this point:

Anthropologists   Entrepreneurs Application
Trained to think holistically Intuitively holistic visionary, iconoclastic
Take an evolutionary approach Forward-looking know future demands
Seek the insider perspective Intuitively know consumers wants know when something will have value to others
Trained to be inductive Intuitively inductive keen observers, see openings

Other helpful guides include:

Read this article http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/03/anthropology-inc/309218/?single_page=true from The Atlantic entitled, “Anthropology Inc.”.

Or, Watch the clip that was attached to the above article  http://bcove.me/k6szvgkh from The Atlantic.

-Check out: “A Crash Course on Creativity” (Tina Seelig, Executive Director, Stanford Technology Ventures Program)

-View the following 3 min video entitled: Field Observation with Fresh Eyes by Tom Kelley | IDEO

-View the following 4 min video entitled: Thinking Like a Traveler by Tom Kelley | IDEO

-Read: “Can’t You Just Ask People?” (Delcore)
-Watch: Parc’s use of these techniques.
-Define: The notion of “workarounds
-Define: Ethnography
-Define: Thick Description

Assignment

The directions for the Assignment are in the presentation slides.

Assessment

I have included how the assignments are evaluated but the main point is that this is NOT rocket science. Rather, it’s social science!  Applied systematically, humans’ natural observational skills can notice things that are typically ignored.  With some analysis, suggestions can be made to improve lives, products, profit margins, whatever.

If you have further questions about the assignment or the course, feel free to contact me.

Note, the following table is used to evaluate these assignments.

LINK TO Ethnographic Opportunity Analysis Assignment Rubric

My personal desire to question deduction’s seduction has motivated my search for the truth in many different places. Although some avenues of inquiry have proffered little, I was excited to find Michael Scroggins’ “Ignoring Ignorance: Notes on Pedagogical Relationships in Citizen Science” in Engaging Science, Technology, and Society 3 (2017).

It is high time that we let go of our adoration of “knowledge” and the high price that that form of worship requires and look more honestly and empirically at the world. The following quotation depicts the value that can be gained by problematizing knowledge and ignorance from Scroggins’ refreshingly new angle.

Theoretically, this article seeks to broaden the conceptualization of ignorance within STS by drawing on a line of theory developed in the philosophy and anthropology of education to argue that ignorance can be productively conceptualized as a state of possibility and that doing so can enable more democratic forms of citizen science. In contrast to conceptualizations of ignorance as a lack, lag, or manufactured product, ignorance is developed here as both the opening move in scientific inquiry and the common ground over which that inquiry proceeds.Scroggins 2017
My hope is that this article is the start of a new approach that will result in more realistic appraisals. This ethnographic report of the struggles of citizen scientists comes from the field of STS (Science, Technology & Society) but do not assume that such an approach is limited to the “tech world”. We can attribute much of these first steps to Columbia Universtiy it seems. Scroggins, a Columbia graduate is building his argument upon Varenne and Firestein, two Columbia faculty from two different colleges who are working from the same idea yet from very different perspectives. Whereas Varenne’s search for value in ignorance is grounded in Ranciere’s philosophy of education, Firestein’s approach is grounded in the philosophy of science. Regardless of their varying starting points, we can see that the value of this idea is richest in its application as Scroggins has so eloquently illustrated.

Cites Sources

Yesterday, I gave a presentation about TheAnthroGuys‘ core competency: Analytic Induction that gets practiced in search of opportunities to “add value“.

This is a rather clunky way to express what we do but we are still sharpening our ‘laser focus’ so bear with us.  Once we reach Gladwell’s 10,000 hours, I’m sure it will sound better.

Ethnographers and entrepreneurs share a reliance on inductive skills to accomplish their goals.  Once this is understood, we can learn a great deal from each other.

The presentation can be found here:

Ethnographic opportunity analysis sp16 part1(mullooly) from James Mullooly PhD

In a few weeks, I will return to their class to continue this discussion.  My hope is that some – if not all – of these students will see the value of this skill set.

 

Elsewhere, we have observed that our world is utterly overshadowed by ignorance, yet few people notice this.  Ethnographers and entrepreneurs share a reliance on inductive skills to accomplish their goals.  Once this is understood, we can learn a great deal from each other.

It is important to note that the similarities between anthropologists and entrepreneurs are numerous. The table below illustrates this point:

Anthropologists   Entrepreneurs Application
Trained to think holistically Intuitively holistic visionary, iconoclastic
Take an evolutionary approach Forward-looking know future demands
Seek the insider perspective Intuitively know consumers wants know when something will have value to others
Trained to be inductive Intuitively inductive keen observers, see openings

Other helpful guides include:

Read this article http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/03/anthropology-inc/309218/?single_page=true from The Atlantic entitle, “Anthropology Inc.”.

Or, Watch the clip that was attached to the above article  http://bcove.me/k6szvgkh from The Atlantic.

-Check out: “A Crash Course on Creativity” (Tina Seelig, Executive Director, Stanford Technology Ventures Program)

-View the following 3 min video entitled: Field Observation with Fresh Eyes by Tom Kelley | IDEO

-View the following 4 min video entitled: Thinking Like a Traveler by Tom Kelley | IDEO

-Read: “Can’t You Just Ask People?” (Delcore)

-Watch: Parc’s use of these techniques.

-Define: The notion of “workarounds”

-Define: Ethnography

Assignment

The directions for the Assignment are in the presentation slides.

Assessment

I have included how the assignments are evaluated but the the main point is that this is NOT rocket science. Rather , it’s social science!  Applied systematically, humans’ natural observational skills can notice things that are typically ignored.  With some analysis, suggestions can be made to improve lives, products, profit margins, whatever.

If you have further questions about the assignment or the course, feel free to contact me.

Note, the following table is used to evaluate these assignments.

LINK TO Ethnographic Opportunity Analysis Assignment Rubric

Apocryphal or not, I love the idea that Plato carried a sentiment about the younger generation that we hold today. The next time you are thinking, “the kids these days are so….” remember that that may not be as unique an observation as you assume.
Socrates_Louvre
The children now love luxury; they have bad manners, contempt for authority; they show disrespect for elders and love chatter in place of exercise. Children are now tyrants, not the servants of their households. They no longer rise when elders enter the room. They contradict their parents, chatter before company, gobble up dainties at the table, cross their legs, and tyrannize their teachers.
Attributed to SOCRATES by Plato, according to William L. Patty and Louise S. Johnson, Personality and Adjustment, p. 277 (1953).
Below, I have made my own version of this sentiment to update it into current language.
 Patty& Johnson                                    Mullooly
The children now love luxury;
they have bad manners,
contempt for authority;
they show disrespect for elders and love chatter in place of exercise.
Children are now tyrants,
not the servants of their households.
They no longer rise when elders enter the room.
They contradict their parents,
chatter before company,
gobble up dainties at the table,
cross their legs, and tyrannize their teachers.
Kids these days are self-indulgent;
they have bad manners,
contempt for authority;
they show disrespect for elders and love gossip in stead of work.
The kids these days are self absorbed, not members of their households.
They are rube to adults.
They contradict their parents,
openly gossip before company,
eat like pigs at the table,
slouch in their seats,
and disobey their teachers.

Getting Stuff Done(mullooly)5 1-15

This is a talk I gave about getting organised.

Depending on which state you call home, you may be spending anywhere from 28 to 46 minutes on average on housework every day. And while this may be significantly less than the amount of time that was generally devoted to home-upkeep half a century ago, it’s still more than most of us would like to be spending on things such as vacuuming, doing laundry, etc. Thankfully, as technology continues to advance and our homes become more automated, we’ll soon see even more of our time being freed-up for more interesting, entertaining, or rewarding pursuits. Here are five soon-to-be-commonplace home devices that will free us all from the merciless task-master that is housekeeping.

  1. Robotic vacuum cleaners

The air you breath may seem clean, and for the most part it is. However, hidden within the drafts and gusts that circulate through your home are tiny bits of particulate matter. Dirt, lint, flakes of dead skin, insect parts—all are small enough to be carried easily through the air without your noticing, but they still have weight. Eventually they settle down, and when they do, they collect on surfaces, especially the floor. We combat this menace by hauling out the vacuum cleaner or broom, but it’s a war that is ongoing. Roomba is an automated weapon designed to help you fight that war. In essence, it’s a robotic vacuum cleaner which regularly patrols your home, vacuuming up dirt and debris as it goes. When it runs low on battery power, it simply returns to its docking station for a recharge. It can even be set to only operate at night, so you won’t have to worry about tripping over it while you’re moving around the house.

  1. Smart washing machines and dryers

Thanks to the washer and dryer, most of us will never have to worry about breaking our backs over a washboard or dealing with frozen laundry on clotheslines during the winter. But just because our laundry appliances are already amazing, it doesn’t necessarily mean that there’s no room for improvement. LG has been developing smart washers and dryers that make it possible to monitor laundry status remotely, communicating the remaining time directly to your mobile device, and sending messages when cycles are completed. They also feature Smart Diagnosis, which means that should something go wrong, the machine itself will do its best to solve the problem on its own. You can also directly download updates as well as specific instructions tailored to wash-types.

  1. Smart Sprinklers

Sprinkler systems that automatically turn on at specific times are probably the only thing keeping our lawns green throughout the long, hot days of summer. Of course, having sprinklers that turn themselves on at the same time every day isn’t always a good thing. For example, if a rain storm is currently dumping gallons and gallons of water into your yard, running your sprinklers is only going to waste money and resources. Skydrop has created a smart sprinkler controller which not only allows for remote operation of an entire sprinkler system, but one that also keeps track of local weather patterns, thus ensuring that lawns and gardens get the right amount of moisture, without forcing homeowners to manually deactivate the system every time dark clouds appear.

  1. Smart dishwasher

Speaking of water, there aren’t many chores that are as water-wasteful as washing dishes. But what can you do? Water is the universal solvent, which means that if you want to be able to reuse those dishes in any state of cleanliness, you’re going to have to run the faucet, one way or another. Still, even if you can’t wash dishes without wasting water, you can reduce the environmental impact of your need to eat off of clean surfaces. The Whirlpool Smart Dishwasher, in addition to featuring remote access via smart devices, keeps track of how much energy is being used by the appliance. They also feature ultra-efficient running cycles, which means less water waste overall.

  1. Smart refrigerator

Grocery shopping is a pain, and never more so than when you don’t know what you need to get. Sure, you could keep a list, but that only helps with items that you consider before you leave the house. If you happen to walk through the pickle aisle and then can’t remember if you have pickles at home, then a list isn’t going to help you much. An internet-connected internal refrigerator camera, on the other hand, could save you some confusion. LG is currently developing a smart refrigerator with a built-in internal camera, so that if you ever need to see what’s happening inside your icebox, all you’ll have to do is log on through a mobile smart device. The refrigerator will also feature LG Homechat, which allows users to actually communicate with their refrigerators regarding fridge contents. The touchscreen located on the outside of the refrigerator door keeps inventory of what food is available and what’s likely to expire soon, and can even offer recipe ideas based upon what foods are inside.

So, stop wasting all of those minutes on housework. Smart technology is giving you back the time you need to follow your dreams…even if those dreams consist of taking a half-hour nap while your robotic vacuum cleaner sucks up your spilled Dorito crumbs. Hey, we didn’t say that you have to use the time well, only that smart devices would be giving you more of it.