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Archive for the ‘Cultural Ecology/Neo-Evolution’ Category

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Samsung’s current move on the market is more aligned with producing devices that are well-designed to look fancy on any user’s hand. It usually comes with large and powerful screen as well as cameras that mimics the DSLR features. However, we were surprised when they finally introduced a phone that can withstand drops and water splashes – introducing the Samsung Galaxy S4 Active. It’s a rugged phone that can be submerged into deep water and can take drops and bumps that common smartphones cannot take. In June, we witnessed the launch of this device in the United States and rumors have it that it will be available to Verizon Wireless  sometime this year. Below, we’ll have a look at this one of a kind piece of gadget from the Korean mobile manufacturer.

IP certified

Sources claimed that the S4 Active is IP67 certified, which means that it passed the standards for Ingress Protection (IP) against dust and immersion between 15centimeter and 1meter.  However, it can only be submerged in freshwater for not more than 30 minutes.

Waterproof design

Not too large and not too small, this device fits perfectly in any user’s hand with a dimension of (5.5 x 2.81 x 0.36 in) at weighs 153 grams. It’s heavier than the original variant by 23 grams due to the extra waterproof case on this handset. Samsung has included a rubber seal on the inner part of the back plate for added protection. The second seal is located at the bottom part of the case to cover the MicroUSB port slot. The 3.5mm headphone jack is sealed from the inside of the device.

Just like the original model, this phone also comes in two colors. But instead of the White Frost, the developers gave it an aquatic look with the splash of Dive Blue color.

Take underwater photos and videos using Aqua Mode

Since it can be submerged for up to 1meter deep, this is a perfect companion for underwater photographers, especially with the inclusion of the Aqua Mode. Before activating this mode, you have to remember to snap the cover in place by pressing the edges of the back plate and just below the camera and flash openings. This procedure ensures that your gizmo is ready for an underwater activity.

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When in Aqua Mode, your device’s buttons are not functional. In order for you to start taking photos or record a video, you need to use the volume keys. Now you can take clear underwater photographs and videos for 30 minutes. Make sure not to exceed the time limit, to ensure no damage is done on your device.

With a ruggedized features, the Galaxy S4 Active is truly one of a kind piece of device that Apple hasn’t tried to combat as of now. Will this handset give the Korean Manufacturer a full edge over the Cupertino Company? Are we going to see a rugged smartphone from Apple soon? Share us your thoughts about it and your own review of this rugged phone.

Courtesy of ShareATT

About the Author:

Sookie Lioncourt (1)

Sookie Lioncourt is a freelancer interests including gadgets, wireless technology, latest mobiles and fashion and design. You can find her where the two intersect, at TechieDoodlers, or follow her on Twitter.

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Julian Steward Studied anthropology at Berkley under A.L. Kroeber. He first started in archeology and then moved to ethnography and worked with the Shoshoni, Pueblo, and later the Carrier Indians in British Columbia. He investigated the parallel developmental sequences in the evolution of civilizations in the New and Old Worlds. He proposed that cultures in similar environments would tend to follow the same developmental sequences and formulate similar responses to their environmental challenges. Steward did not believe that cultures followed a single universal sequence of development; he proposed instead that cultures could evolve in any number of distinct patterns depending on their environmental circumstances. He called this theory multilinear evolution to distinguish it from unilineal evolutionary theory. He then created the field of study called Cultural Ecology (the examination of the cultural adaptations formulated by human beings to meet the challenges posed by their environments).

Leslie White  White studied at the University of Chicago under Edward Sapir, a student of Boas. He read the works of Morgan, and argued that much of what Morgan wrote was correct. .He agreed that cross-cultural comparison showed that cultural evolution did exist and that this evolution was in the direction of increasing complexity.  He argued that the nineteenth century thinkers failed to develop a non-ethnocentric, scientific method of accurately assessing cultural complexity.  In White’s “Energy and the Evolution of Culture”, White proposed that the control of energy was a key factor in cultural evolution and could serve as the standard by which to measure evolutionary progress.  White understood culture as the means by which humans adapted to nature. White separated culture into three analytical levels: technological, sociological and idealogical. Like Marx, he believed that all the institutions of society contributed to the evolution of culture; however, technology played the primary role in social evolution and changes in technology affected a society’s institutions and value system.

George Peter Murdock George Murdock was greatly influenced by the work of Spencer and Morgan. He graduated from Yale and taught there for 32 years. Murdock was interested in the statistical testing of cross-cultural hypotheses, in direct opposition to Boas’ avoidance of cross-cultural generalizations. In 1937 the Human Relations Areas Files, a bank of ethnographic data on more than one thousand societies indexed according to standardized categories. Using this information, one can conduct cross-cultural quantitative analysis and test cultural hypotheses in a wide variety of societies. In 1949 his book “Social Structure”, he believed that a universal set of principles governed the relationship between family structure, kinship, and marriage practices.  Murdock attempted to determine these principles through quantitative analysis and, using comparative data from 250 societies, he was able to demonstrate the utility of the HRAF. Murdock recognized that Morgan’s study of kinship was instrumental in shaping the quantitative-comparative approach he developed in Social Structure.

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